To register property rights in the Land Registry, the following documents must be presented at the local Registry Office:
The housing authorities from the Autonomy may also require the seller to deliver a certificate of habitability, proving that the property meets all the technical requirements for habitation. Resale properties, as long as they have the supplies contract in place, will not need to show these licences.
The presentation of these documents to the Land Registry can be done directly by the buyer, an agency, the notary, the lawyer or a gestor.
However you choose to do this, once these documents are at the Registry, registration must be completed within 15 working days. Otherwise there will be a 30% reduction in fees. The registrar will verify that the agreement has been made with full legal effect and the property rights of the buyer will be recorded at the Land Registry. If the registrar sees that the documents have defects preventing their registration they will notify the filer of the document and the attesting notary.
Defects noted by the registrar may be corrected, or if you do not agree with the registrar, you may request a second opinion from another registrar who may replace the first. The corresponding appeal may be submitted to the Directorate General of Registries and Notaries, or you may directly challenge it before the Court of First Instance in the capital of the relevant province.
This registration is necessary for the buyer’s newly acquired right to be fully protected:
The change of ownership will be notified to the cadastre so they will know that the property taxes will now be paid by the buyer.
For all these reasons it is essential, as we have already explained, to check if there is any seizure, mortgage or other charge in registration history of the house or the land on which it is to be erected, and to buy only from the person listed as its owner in the Land Registry. It is also essential, once you have signed the deed, to complete the registration of your rights in the Registry.
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